Cloud – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In meteorology, a cloud is a visible mass of liquid droplets or frozen crystals made of water or various chemicals suspended in the atmosphere above the surface of a planetary body.[1] These suspended particles are also known as aerosols and are studied in the cloud physics branch of meteorology.

Terrestrial cloud formation is the result of air in any of the lower three principal layers of Earth’s atmosphere (collectively known as the homosphere) becoming saturated due to either or both of two processes: cooling of the air, and adding water vapor. With sufficient saturation in the troposphere, precipitation will fall to the surface; an exception is virga, which evaporates before reaching the surface. Clouds that form at very high altitudes in the stratosphere and mesosphere do not contain sufficient moisture to generate any outfall of droplets or crystals.

Clouds in the troposphere, the atmospheric layer closest to Earth’s surface, have Latin names due to the universal adaptation of Luke Howard’s nomenclature. It was introduced in December 1802 and became the basis of a modern international system that classifies these tropospheric aerosols into several physical forms, then cross-classifies them as low, middle and high-tage according to cloud-base altitude range above Earth’s surface. Clouds with significant vertical extent occupying more than one tage are often considered a distinct group or sub-group.

One physical form shows free-convective upward growth into low or vertical cumuliform heaps. Other more layered types appear as non-convective stratiform sheets, and as limited-convective stratocumuliform rolls or ripples. Both these layered forms have low, middle, and high-tage variants with the latter two identified respectively by the prefixes alto- and cirro-. Thin cirriform wisps are found only at high altitudes of the troposphere. In the case of clouds with vertical extent, prefixes are used whenever necessary to express variations or complexities in their physical structures. These include cumulo- for complex highly convective cumulonimbiform storm clouds, and nimbo- for thick stratiform layers with sufficient vertical depth to produce moderate to heavy precipitation.

This process of cross-classification produces ten basic genus-types or genera, most of which can be divided into subtypes consisting of species that are often subdivided into varieties where applicable. Synoptic surface weather observations use code numbers to record and report any type of tropospheric cloud visible at scheduled observation times based on its height and physical appearance.

Clouds that form above the troposphere have common names for their main types, but are sub-classified alpha-numerically rather than with the elaborate system of Latin names given to cloud types in the troposphere. Clouds have been observed on other planets and moons within the Solar System, but, due to their different temperature characteristics, they are often composed of other substances such as methane, ammonia, and sulfuric acid as well as water.

The origin of the term cloud can be found in the old English clud or clod, meaning a hill or a mass of rock. Around the beginning of the 13th century, it was extended metaphorically to include rainclouds as masses of evaporated water in the sky because of the similarity in appearance between a mass of rock and a cumulus heap cloud. Over time, the metaphoric term replaced the original old English weolcan to refer to clouds in general.[2][3]

The science of clouds is nephology.

Ancient cloud studies were not made in isolation, but were observed in combination with other weather elements and even other natural sciences. In about 340 BC the Greek philosopher Aristotle wrote Meteorologica, a work which represented the sum of knowledge of the time about natural science, including weather and climate. For the first time, precipitation and the clouds from which precipitation fell were called meteors, which originate from the Greek word meteoros, meaning ‘high in the sky’. From that word came the modern term meteorology, the study of clouds and weather. Meteorologica was a work of intuitive rather than scientific study. Nevertheless, it was the first known work that attempted to treat a broad range of meteorological topics.[4]

The book De Mundo (attributed to Pseudo-Aristotle) noted, Cloud is a vaporous mass, concentrated and producing water. Rain is produced from the compression of a closely condensed cloud, varying according to the pressure exerted on the cloud; when the pressure is slight it scatters gentle drops; when it is great it produces a more violent fall, and we call this a shower, being heavier than ordinary rain, and forming continuous masses of water falling over earth. Snow is produced by the breaking up of condensed clouds, the cleavage taking place before the change into water; it is the process of cleavage which causes its resemblance to foam and its intense whiteness, while the cause of its coldness is the congelation of the moisture in it before it is dispersed or rarefied. When snow is violent and falls heavily we call it a blizzard. Hail is produced when snow becomes densified and acquires impetus for a swifter fall from its close mass; the weight becomes greater and the fall more violent in proportion to the size of the broken fragments of cloud. Such then are the phenomena which occur as the result of moist exhalation.[5]

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Scalable online media and file storage | Rackspace Cloud Files

Cloud Files provides online object storage for files and media, delivering them globally at blazing speeds over a worldwide content delivery network (CDN). You can store as many files as you wanteven very large files.

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Cloud Files leverages infrastructure that is located throughout our global data centers, and in over 200 global content delivery network (CDN) edge locations.

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Cloud Files writes each file to three storage disks on separate nodes that have dual power supplies.

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Cloud computing – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cloud computing refers to the practice of transitioning computer services such as computation or data storage to multiple redundant offsite locations available on the Internet, which allows application software to be operated using internet-enabled devices. Clouds can be classified as public, private, and hybrid.[1]

Cloud computing and storage solutions provide users and enterprises with various capabilities to store and process their data in third-party data centers.[2] It relies on sharing of resources to achieve coherence and economies of scale, similar to a utility (like the electricity grid) over a network.[3] At the foundation of cloud computing is the broader concept of converged infrastructure and shared services.

Cloud computing, or in simpler shorthand just “the cloud”, also focuses on maximizing the effectiveness of the shared resources. Cloud resources are usually not only shared by multiple users but are also dynamically reallocated per demand. This can work for allocating resources to users. For example, a cloud computer facility that serves European users during European business hours with a specific application (e.g., email) may reallocate the same resources to serve North American users during North America’s business hours with a different application (e.g., a web server). This approach should maximize the use of computing power thus reducing environmental damage as well since less power, air conditioning, rack space, etc. are required for a variety of functions. With cloud computing, multiple users can access a single server to retrieve and update their data without purchasing licenses for different applications.

The term “moving to cloud” also refers to an organization moving away from a traditional CAPEX model (buy the dedicated hardware and depreciate it over a period of time) to the OPEX model (use a shared cloud infrastructure and pay as one uses it).

Proponents claim that cloud computing allows companies to avoid upfront infrastructure costs, and focus on projects that differentiate their businesses instead of on infrastructure.[4] Proponents also claim that cloud computing allows enterprises to get their applications up and running faster, with improved manageability and less maintenance, and enables IT to more rapidly adjust resources to meet fluctuating and unpredictable business demand.[4][5][6] Cloud providers typically use a “pay as you go” model. This can lead to unexpectedly high charges if administrators do not adapt to the cloud pricing model.[7]

The present availability of high-capacity networks, low-cost computers and storage devices as well as the widespread adoption of hardware virtualization, service-oriented architecture, and autonomic and utility computing have led to a growth in cloud computing.[8][9][10] Companies can scale up as computing needs increase and then scale down again as demands decrease.

Cloud vendors are experiencing growth rates of 50% per annum.[11]

The origin of the term cloud computing is unclear. The expression cloud is commonly used in science to describe a large agglomeration of objects that visually appear from a distance as a cloud and describes any set of things whose details are not inspected further in a given context.[12] Another explanation is that the old programs to draw network schematics surrounded the icons for servers with a circle, and a cluster of servers in a network diagram had several overlapping circles, which resembled a cloud.[13]

In analogy to above usage the word cloud was used as a metaphor for the Internet and a standardized cloud-like shape was used to denote a network on telephony schematics and later to depict the Internet in computer network diagrams. With this simplification, the implication is that the specifics of how the end points of a network are connected are not relevant for the purposes of understanding the diagram. The cloud symbol was used to represent the Internet as early as 1994,[14][15] in which servers were then shown connected to, but external to, the cloud.

References to cloud computing in its modern sense appeared as early as 1996, with the earliest known mention in a Compaq internal document.[16]

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Cloud Computing Expo

The World of Cloud Computing All in One Place! Cloud Computing – Big Data – Internet of Things SDDC – WebRTC – DevOps Join Us at Cloud Expo Silicon Valley November 3-5

Cloud computing is now being embraced by a majority of enterprises of all sizes. Yesterday’s debate about public vs. private has transformed into the reality of hybrid cloud: a recent survey shows that 74% of enterprises have a hybrid cloud strategy. Meanwhile, 94% of enterprises are using some form of XaaS–software, platform, and infrastructure as a service.

Cloud Expo is the single show where delegates and technology vendors can meet to experience and discuss the entire world of the cloud.

Only Cloud Expo brings together all this in a single location:

Attend Cloud Expo. Craft your own custom experience. Learn the latest from the world’s best technologists. Find the vendors you want and put them to the test.

See you in Silicon Valley!

In the most transformative technology shift since the personal computer and the Internet, it’s apparent that migrating business to the cloud has reached a tipping point, where it is no longer a trend but rather an absolute business requirement. Cloud Expo Silicon Valley will feature 175+ sessions from a rock star conference faculty chosen from among the leading industry players in the cloud computing and Big Data worlds. All the main layers of the Cloud ecosystem will be represented – the infrastructure players, the platform providers, and those offering applications. The high-energy event is a must-attend for senior technologists from CEOs on down including CIOs, CTOs, directors of infrastructure, VPs of technology, IT directors and managers, network and storage managers, network engineers, enterprise architects, and communications and networking specialists.

Opening Keynote | Geek Girls Are Chic: 5 Career Hacks By Sandy Carter

Growth hacking is common for startups to make unheard-of progress in building their business. Career Hacks can help Geek Girls and those who support them (yes, that’s you too, Dad!) to excel in this typically male-dominated world. [continued]

Speaker Bio: A recognized leader in social business, best-selling author, and one of the most influential people in Web 2.0 technology, Sandy Carter is IBM General Manager Cloud Ecosystem and Developers, and a Social Business Evangelist. She is responsible for IBM’s worldwide focus on building and expanding the Cloud ecosystem for ISVs, Entrepreneurs, Developers, and Academics, which influences one third of the revenue for IBM. Previously, Sandy was Vice President, Social Business Evangelism and Sales, responsible for setting the direction for IBM’s Social Business initiative, where she led the team to five years of #1 market share per IDC. [continued]

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Cloud Media News

What happened? As many as 100 celebrities were hacked, which resulted in nude photos of them being leaked online. The pictures were stolen from stars including Jennifer Lawrence, Winona Ryder and Kirsten Dunst, and posted on the controversial message board 4chan. The photos were confirmed as real by some of the celebrities, although others claimed they had been faked. At the time of writing, it’s not yet clear exactly how such a large number of celebrities were hacked in one swoop. Initial reports suggested Apple’s iCloud service was the culprit, because iPhones automatically sync images to the cloud-storage service as a form of back-up, which some users may not be aware of. Additionally, a security researcher recently revealed a method for breaking into iPhone accounts, which uses a script to guess passwords without triggering the automatic lockdown that happens after too many wrong attempts. However, in some of the naked selfies taken by celebrities, the phone could be identified as an Android device rather than an iPhone, which suggests the leak wasnt limited to iCloud. Also, the developer behind the iPhone password hack only made the details of the process available the day before the photos were leaked, which left very little time to hack so many people. Security experts including Rik Ferguson at Trend Micro have therefore suggested that the celebrities could have been victims of phishing attacks, instead. The victims of the hack – and those of us following the story – may not ever get full answers, but the FBI and Apple have both said theyre investigating. Twitter suspended several accounts that posted the stolen images, but this wasnt enough to stop the photos from quickly spreading across the web. How will it affect you? First things first: dont seek out or share these photos. Lawrence has quite rightly said shell take legal action against anyone who posts the images online, and other celebrities may do the same. Its also worth considering whether your own photos – naked or otherwise – are stored securely, and ensuring your phone is protected, for example, with a password or PIN. Typing a code every time you pick up the device may be annoying but if its lost or stolen, youll be glad you took the precaution. For websites and online services, choose a complicated password; itll be harder for you to remember, but a password manager such as LastPass can help. If the hack was indeed via iCloud, many of the victims may not have even realised their photos were in the cloud, because Apple uploads them to its storage service automatically. You should turn off automated back-up systems if you have any sensitive photos you dont want leaked. On iOS, go to iCloud, Settings and disable Photo Stream; on Android, open the Photos app, tap Settings, Auto-Backup and untick ‘Back up local folders. What do we think?

With the benefit of hindsight, most of the hacked celebrities will be kicking themselves that they were foolish enough to take such photos and not protect them properly. But many of us dont take the necessary precautions online and which of us could really say we have strong, unique passwords for every site or service we use? Hackers may not be hell-bent on finding naked photos of us – we dont quite have Lawrences figure – but were all potential targets, whether it’s for our email logins, eBay accounts or bank details. Rather than blame the victims, we should reprimand the hackers and criticise poor security systems. When iCloud or any other big online service is hacked, it’s rarely held responsible. Instead, headlines blame the victims for using weak passwords.

We think tech companies should do more to protect their users. Hopefully, such an invasive and upsetting hack as this is enough to convince people of the importance of secure communications and storage, and make tech firms understand that they need to take better care of their customers. Source: Webuser.

What happened? As many as 100 celebrities were hacked, which resulted in nude photos of them being …

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SYS-CON Media – Cloud Computing Journal

Top Stories

Download Slide Deck: Here P2P RTC will impact the landscape of communications, shifting from traditional telephony style communications models to OTT (Over-The-Top) cloud assisted & PaaS (Platform as a Service) communication services. The P2P shift will impact many areas of our lives, from mobile communication, human interactive web services, RTC and telephony infrastructure, user federation, security and privacy implications, business costs, and scalability. In his session at @ThingsExpo, Robin Raymond, Chief Architect at Hookflash, will walk through the shifting landscape of traditional telephone and voice services to the modern P2P RTC era of OTT cloud assisted services. Speaker Bio: Robin Raymond is Chief Architect at Hookflash Inc. He is the author of Open Peer, a Peer-to-Peer protocol for Real-Time Communications. An expert software architect, technical le… (more)

Download Slide Deck: Here SAP is delivering break-through innovation combined with fantastic user experience powered by the market-leading in-memory technology, SAP HANA. In his General Session at 15th Cloud Expo, Thorsten Leiduck, VP ISVs & Digital Commerce, SAP, discussed how SAP and partners provide cloud and hybrid cloud solutions as well as real-time Big Data offerings that help companies of all sizes and industries run better. SAP launched an application challenge to award the most innovative SAP HANA and SAP HANA Cloud platforms applications. Out of many contenders, the… (more)

Explosive growth in connected devices. Enormous amounts of data for collection and analysis. Critical use of data for split-second decision making and actionable information. All three are factors in making the Internet of Things a reality. Yet, any one factor would have an IT organization pondering its infrastructure strategy. Download Slide Deck: Here How should your organization enhance its IT framework to enable an Internet of Things implementation? In his session at Internet of @ThingsExpo, James Kirkland, Chief Architect for the Internet of Things and Intelligent System… (more)

What Manufacturing Teaches Us About DevOps Software development, like manufacturing, is a craft that requires the application of creative approaches to solve problems given a wide range of constraints. However, while engineering design may be craftwork, the production of most designed objects relies on a standardized and automated manufacturing process. By contrast, much of moving an application from prototype to production and, indeed, maintaining the application through its lifecycle has often remained craftwork. Download Slide Deck: Here In his session at DevOps Summit, Go… (more)

The widespread success of cloud computing is driving the DevOps revolution in enterprise IT. Now as never before, development teams must communicate and collaborate in a dynamic, 24/7/365 environment. There is no time to wait for long development cycles that produce software that is obsolete at launch. DevOps may be disruptive, but it is essential. The DevOps Summit at Cloud Expo – to be held June 3-5, 2015, at the Javits Center in New York City – will expand the DevOps community, enable a wide sharing of knowledge, and educate delegates and technology providers alike. Recent re… (more)

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Conversations in the cloud

Ken Tothero University of Texas at Austin

VoiceThread conversations are media-centric, which keeps the discussions focused. They also provide an opportunity to reflect, resulting in higher quality input. And finally, the system just plain works. Ken Tothero from the University of Texas at Austin shares his experience using VoiceThread (3:04 Min)

Cole Complese, the Senior Director for Teaching and learning at Pennsylvania State University, discusses the difference between mobile access and mobile interaction, the breadth of VoiceThreads use by faculty, and the need for teaching practices to evolve along with new technologies. (4:32 Min)

The power of peer feedback and peer review is intuitively available to all participants in a VoiceThread conversation. Keeta Holmes, Instructional Designer, University of Missouri-St. Louis, discusses her strategies for use, and the popularity, of VoiceThread at her campus. (3:32 min)

Text alone cant deliver the subtlety and expression required for meaningful connection. If text were enough, we wouldnt use emoticons, get on planes, or use web-conferencing software. VoiceThreading is a more human way to connect.

VoiceThread is used by everyone from elementary students to top-ranked universities to corporate executives. Its easy to learn and powerful enough for your most complex projects. The technology fades into the background, putting people and their ideas front and center.

Scheduling is painful. Meetings interrupt the workday, office hours are inconvenient, and personal commitments get in the way. Stop penciling your conversations into your calendar and instead collaborate wherever and whenever its convenient for you.

VoiceThreaders are one of the most diverse communities in the world, and that is by design. Participate using your voice, video or text. Use a screen reader or caption your videos. Use any computer, device, or internet connection. Join in the way that works best for you.

Bring VoiceThread right into your LMS, ERP, or other identity management system. There are no new usernames or passwords to learn, and rosters are syncd automatically. Quick, deep, powerful integration is not just preferable; it is expected. Learn more.

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Salesforce Blog – News, tips, and insights from the global …

May 21, 2015 | By Keith Rosen in Featured , Leadership , Sales

Todays managers struggle to build their peoples morale, confidence, and trust. Find out what you can do to truly empower, rather than demoralize your teamno matter how toxic things may be…. Read More

May 15, 2015 | By John Goodman in Customer Service , Service , Social , Social Media

Social media has an important place in the marketing and customer experience (CE) context. However, I am concerned that it is drawing a huge, and probably inappropriate, share of resources from basic product and service delivery and customer support; it glitters and is more exciting than… Read More

May 14, 2015 | By Bob Davies in Sales

Weve all been making phone calls for years, so we sometimes dont understand the complexities involved in making successful B2B phone calls. So, Ive put together five tips to help you master phone conversations and turn them into sales. 1. Prepare to Succeed By failing to prepare, you are… Read More

May 13, 2015 | By John Cousineau in Sales

Scaling Up, from Verne Harnish, is a practical handbook on all the little things, done right, that let savvy firms achieve exceptional growth. It combines engaging talent, savvy strategy, and effective execution with sound cash management. It makes the growth journey a successful and fun ride for… Read More

May 13, 2015 | By Hilary Givens in Marketing , Social , Social Media

Were back this week with more advertising insights. This week were sharing updates of Twitters performance on mobile, the benefits of using social media advertising in the auto industry, and why you should pay attention to post-install engagement activities in evaluating ROI. The growth of… Read More

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Cloud Strife – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cloud Strife (Japanese: , Hepburn: Kuraudo Sutoraifu?) is a fictional character and the main protagonist of Square’s (now Square Enix’s) role-playing video game Final Fantasy VII and several of its sequels and spin-offs. He was originally designed by Final Fantasy VII character designer Tetsuya Nomura. Cloud’s appearance is marked by spikey blond hair, striking blue eyes, dark clothing and his Buster Sword (, Basut Sdo?),[3] which previously belonged to his friend Zack Fair.

In Final Fantasy VII, Cloud is a mercenary and self-proclaimed ex-member of SOLDIER, an elite, genetically augmented military unit operating under the de facto world government, the megacorporation Shinra Electric Power Company. Fighting against Shinra in the resistance group AVALANCHE, and driven by a feud with the primary antagonist, Sephiroth,[4] Cloud learns to accept his troubled past and adapts to his role as a leader. Cloud has also appeared in several other titles outside the Final Fantasy VII continuity, such as Itadaki Street Special, Final Fantasy Tactics, Dissidia Final Fantasy, Ehrgeiz and the Kingdom Hearts series.

Cloud has garnered a primarily positive reception from critics. Described as “iconic,” the character has been ranked highly in various published character lists. He remains popular among fans, and continues to place highly in popularity polls. He has also become the basis for a variety of merchandise, such as action figures and jewellery.

In Final Fantasy VII, Cloud is introduced as a mercenary-for-hire and a former SOLDIER 1st Class, an elite military unit operating under the Shinra Company. Presented at the game’s start as apathetic to everything unrelated to his current job, Cloud’s blas attitude towards the goals of AVALANCHE, an eco-terrorist resistance group fighting against Shinra and the threat posed to the Planet, causes conflict with the other characters,[5][6][7] while his background produces misgivings as to his motivations and trustworthiness.[8][9] Cloud, meanwhile, takes pride in his past, confident in his abilities as a “former member of SOLDIER.”[10][11] Despite appearing detached to members of AVALANCHE,[6][12][13] Cloud does display moments of camaraderie, some depending on the player’s choices.[14][15] When confronted by his childhood friend and AVALANCHE member, Tifa Lockhart, Cloud agrees to keep his boyhood promise to protect her,[16] continuing his AVALANCHE membership despite never having become a famous hero.[17][18] Following the player’s departure from Midgar, Cloud is appointed group leader by the other members of the party, upsetting Barret Wallace, AVALANCHE’s original leader.[19]

In interacting with Aerith Gainsborough, a flower girl wanted by Shinra because she is sole survivor of an ancient race known as the Cetra,[20][21] Cloud’s character is further expanded upon. He shows increased signs of good-natured humor[22][23][24] and protectiveness,[25][26][27] as opposed to his antagonistic use of sarcasm with Barret.[13] The love triangle aspect between Cloud, Tifa and Aerith is primarily focused on in the first disc, and at times is used to humorous effect.[26][28][29]

When the player arrives at the inn in the town of Kalm, Cloud narrates to the group his history with Sephiroth, a legendary member of SOLDIER and the game’s primary antagonist. According to Cloud, the two were “war buddies,” having worked together on previous missions.[30] Having joined SOLDIER to emulate Sephiroth,[16][30] Cloud states in the flashback that he signs up for “big missions” whenever they become available, as the war between Shinra and the people of Wutai had already ended and thus his chances for military fame.[31] When Sephiroth, upon discovering documents surrounding the nature of Jenova and his birth, mistakes himself to be a Cetra[32] and razes Nibelheim, Cloud chases after him. Finding Tifa wounded by Sephiroth at the Mt. Nibel Mako reactor, Cloud discovers Sephiroth releasing Jenova, an extraterrestrial lifeform and Sephiroth’s “mother,” from imprisonment. Cloud relates to the group that he then confronted Sephiroth, but he is unable to remember the events directly following.[33]

In fact, these events did not occur as Cloud describes; rather, they are an amalgamation of Cloud’s actual past (as a member of the Shinra army who failed to enter SOLDIER) along with his friend Zack Fair’s own past, mixed with memories gleaned from Tifa’s mind, created out of a combination of shame, Jenova cells and manipulation by Sephiroth.[34][35] The effects of this self-fabrication are made noticeable to the player prior to Cloud’s discovery of the truth; at the mention of names from the past or moments related thereto, Cloud will experience a brief flashback and collapse momentarily, suffering from apparent physical pain,[36][37] and visual and audio cues are given to indicate discrepancies.[38][39] It is not until after he and Tifa fall into the Lifestream that he, with her encouragement, can piece his past back together, and restore his own personality from underneath the amalgam where he had subconsciously hidden it, ultimately dismissing Sephiroth’s deceit that he is an artificially-constructed Sephiroth-clone.[40]

In the cellphone game Before Crisis: Final Fantasy VII, Cloud appears in a minor role. During the course of the game, which takes place over the six years leading into Final Fantasy VII, the player encounters Cloud while he works in Shinra in his efforts to join SOLDIER, assisting the Shinra group the Turks on one of their missions and repraising the events from Nibelheim’s rise.[41]

In the CGI film Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children, Cloud, two years following the conclusion of Final Fantasy VII,[43] lives with Tifa in the city of Edge, working as a delivery boy for the “Strife Delivery Service” that Tifa set up in her new bar, having given up his life as a mercenary.[44] Staying with them is Marlene, Barret’s adopted daughter, and Denzel, an orphan with a rampant and deadly disease called Geostigma. When confronted by Tifa following the disappearance of Denzel and Marlene, it is revealed that Cloud is also suffering from the effects of Geostigma, and he responds that he is unfit to protect his new family and other friends.[45] However, when urged by Tifa to let go of the past,[46] Cloud sets out for the Forgotten City in search of the children, and confronts Kadaj, Loz and Yazoo, genetic remnants of Sephiroth left behind before he could diffuse into the Lifestream completely.[47] In confronting Kadaj, the battle takes them back to Aerith’s church, where the Lifestream-influenced water cures Cloud of his Geostigma. Kadaj later merges with the remains of Jenova, causing Sephiroth to be reborn. When Sephiroth is once again defeated, he dissipates, leaving a dying Kadaj in his place.[48] At the film’s conclusion, Cloud reunites with his friends, sees Aerith and Zack and assures them that he will be fine.

Cloud is also featured in two of On the Way to a Smile novellas, which are set between Final Fantasy VII and Advent Children. “Case of Tifa” shows his life alongside Tifa, Marlene and Denzel, and “Case of Denzel” relates how Cloud first met Denzel.[49] Cloud is also one of the main characters in the OVA Last Order: Final Fantasy VII, which depicts him in two events that were shown in flashbacks in Final Fantasy VII; one at Nibelheim when he fights Sephiroth, and the other while escaping from Shinra with Zack.[50]

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